Friday, November 15, 2019
Rewards and Challenges of a Career in Nursing Rewards and challenges of a career in nursing Nursing is often portrayed as a glamorous job and a career that many aspire to pursue. Like any other profession, a career in nursing has rewards and challenges. Nurses have the opportunity every day to make a difference in peoples lives, to connect on a personal level with another human being, and to be part of a profession that has stood the test of time throughout the ages. Nursing is currently facing a crisis of a shortage of trained nurses. Hospitals and medical facilities must address the issues of nurse retention and increasing job satisfaction in order to overcome this crisis. Many professions claim to make a difference in peoples lives. However, there is no guarantee what extent that difference will be. The opportunity to truly make a difference in someones life is one of the many rewards of nursing. A typical day of a nurse is filled with long hours of physical, mental, and emotional work. The role of a nurse varies from providing wellness education to healthy individuals to caring for sick or hurt individuals to caring for clients at the end of their lives. A nurse must constantly be at the top of their game intellectually, ready to meet the challenges of client care and make life and death decisions in a split second. This is not an easy job and can leave one exhausted and drained at the end of the day. One nurse stated, It feels great to go home so tired but knowing youve made a true difference in someone elses life (NursingÃ ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ã ¢s top, 2000, p. 42). Through long hours of hard work, nurses are able to go home at the end of the day knowing that their caring touch and compassionate service truly impacted the clients with whom they interacted. Nursing is a hands-on profession, and the ability to relate to and connect with another human being on a personal, intimate level is rewarding. It is a sign of trust and respect from the clients being cared for. Clients are vulnerable and often in situations that are uncomfortable and awkward. In order to provide quality client care, nurses must interact and connect with their clients on a personal level and show they truly care for their well-being. According to Riley (2008), caring is essential for an effective nurse-client relationship and guides the way for developing a level of hope and trust between the nurse and client. Nurses show they care not only by tending to physical needs but by spending time with the client and taking time to understand their needs and the wishes and desires of the client and their family. For many nurses this human connection (NursingÃ ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ã ¢s top, 2000, p. 42) is the main reason they have chosen a career in nursing. From Florence Nightingale to the battlefield nurses of World War II, the profession of nursing has stood the test of time and will continue to do so as long as there is pain and suffering in the world. This everlasting nature of the service nurses provide is rewarding to those who continue the legacy of providing compassionate care and nurturing through pain and suffering (NursingÃ ¢Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¡Ã ¬Ã ¢Ã¢â¬Å¾Ã ¢s top, 2000). There is no end in sight for the need of additional nurses. Zurmehlys research (2008) projects a 29% increase in the demand for nurses between 2000 and 2020. As the population continues to grow and the number of senior adults continues to rise, so does the need for more nurses (Buerhaus, Staiger, Auerbach, 2003). The profession of nursing has changed throughout the years to meet the needs of the culture and the increasing demand for new nurses continues to carve out the legacy of the future of nursing. In any rewarding career, there are also challenges to overcome. Nursing is no exception. The 21st century is facing a nursing crisis that is not new to the profession: a shortage of qualified nurses. The current nursing shortage has roots in the late 1990s (Buerhaus et al., 2003). Much research has been directed at identifying the cause of the nursing shortage and how to fix the problem. As the general population continues to age, so does the population of nurses. In 2002, it was estimated that nearly one-third of working nurses were over the age of 50 (Atencio, Cohen, Gorenberg, 2003). This trend continues today and is a major contributor to the nursing shortage as more nurses are retiring and fewer nurses are entering the workforce. Factors such as job-related stress, physical demands, administrative responsibilities taking away from client care, high nurse-to-client ratios, insufficient monetary compensation, and lack of continuing education are making it harder to keep and retai n qualified nurses (Albaugh, 2003). In order to maintain the highest level of client care, addressing the shortage of qualified nursing personnel must be a priority. Retention of nurses is key in reducing the current shortage. With the rise in median age of nurses over recent years, hospitals are challenged to find ways to keep older, more experienced nurses and ways to attract and recruit new, younger nurses. Physical demands of the job are often to blame for nurses choosing to leave the profession. Facilities must make changes to decrease the physical demands placed on the nursing staff. Tampa General Hospital implemented a program in 2002 that created a lift team. These specially trained personnel were on-call specifically for the purpose of lifting and moving clients. This initiative reduced the physical demands on the nursing staff and allowed them more time to provide quality care to their clients (Runy, 2006). Inadequate compensation also affects retention of nurses. Nurses want to be compensated appropriately f or the work they perform and also to receive incentives to remain, including monetary recognition, retirement and benefit packages, and longevity compensation (Zurmehly, 2008). A hospital in Texas has attempted to retain veteran nurses by offering longevity bonuses bi-weekly beginning after 10 years of service (Runy, 2006). Nurses, particularly older nurses and working parents, often find themselves trying to juggle work and home responsibilities. Runy (2006) describes how flexible and creative scheduling allows nurses to work around their schedule and maintain some balance between career and personal activities, which leads to improved job satisfaction and retention. Job satisfaction plays a role in the nursing shortage crisis. Dissatisfied nurses are leaving the client care setting or are choosing to leave the profession altogether. The solution to increasing job satisfaction, which is directly related to increased retention, can be accomplished by improving work conditions for nurses (Atencio et al., 2003). On-the-job stress leads to physical problems and decreased work performance. Clients today are older, sicker, and have multiple medical problems compared to in the past. These changes contribute significantly to work-related stress. Nurses often feel that they must constantly rush from one task to the next due to unrealistic workloads and high nurse-to-client ratios (Riley, 2008). Hospitals must address the concerns of working conditions and implement change to develop places nurses want to work. The best place to start in addressing working conditions is with nurses. Nurses are on the front lines day in and day out and are the experts on wo rking conditions and what must be done to improve them. Nurses want to work in places that enable them to provide quality care to clients and want to have a say in the processes that directly affect their job (Runy, 2006). Job satisfaction is increased as nurses receive training in multiple disciplines. With clients presenting with multiple comorbidities and diagnoses, it is essential that nurses have the knowledge and the skills to provide care to these clients. Continuing education should be available and all nurses should be encouraged to learn new skills and keep up-to-date with current trends and changes in technology and medical care. Finally, job satisfaction among nurses increases when they work in an environment where they feel part of a team, validated, and receive real-time feedback relating to the care they provide. Management involvement in the day-to-day work environment builds unity and motivates the nursing staff and is an essential component of job satisfaction and retention (Albaugh, 2003). Although nursing is demanding, physically challenging, and requires a lot of hard work, nurses are rewarded by making a difference in the lives of their clients, developing trusting relationships with other people through connecting and caring, and being part of a professional legacy that has stood the test of time. The profession is in the midst of a crisis due to the shortage of qualified nurses. To overcome this crisis, medical facilities must address the issues of nurse retention and job satisfaction in order to provide quality client care and continue the legacy of nursing that was set in motion so many years ago.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Introduction When Amazon.com launched its online retailing strategy in 1995 and began to reap benefits, many analysts viewed doing business and shopping online with great optimism (Denise, 2004). They anticipated for a day when people would be able to order their shopping items from the comfort of their homes. Consequently, customers would see little or no need at all to physically visit traditional in-stores to make their purchases. It is now a decade and a half down the line and online shopping has taken the business world by storm with more and more companies opting to test the sweet waters of online retailing. Analysts foresee a rapid growth of online shopping in the next decade or so though some reports still show a significant number of consumers across the world who have never attempted to do their shopping online. The growth in popularity of online shopping points to the presence of certain advantages, which are not available in traditional shopping. At the same time, it alludes to the existence of differences between the two types of shopping. This paper shall discuss the growth of online shopping around the world and provide statistical evidence of this growth in the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom. It shall also elucidate the differences between online shopping and traditional shopping. The Internet has significantly transformed how consumers shop for goods or services. While traditional in-store shopping still dominates in some industries in various countries, it has done little to increase convenience, efficiency, and ease of shopping and making travel arrangements. According to a survey conducted by the Nielsen Company in March 2010, there are some products that are universally bought online ... ...d shoppers have to keep themselves up to date with the ever evolving technology. On the other hand, technology used to facilitate traditional in-store shopping has remained the same for many years and does not change as often as is the case in online shopping. Online shopping is not dependent on geogaphical location as transactions can take place across borders. Consequently, access to items offered by retailers is not impeded by factors related to geographical location. In other words, consumers whether local, regional, or international can shop anywhere in the world through the Internet. On the other hand, traditional shopping is limited by geographical considerations. As a result, the number of customers who are able to access the premises may be greatly determined by the location (Differences Between Online Retail & Traditional Retail Businesses, 2007).
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"Politics should be the application of the science Of man to the construction of the communityÃ¢â¬ Explain this remark and discuss what reasons there might be for thinking it is not trueIn this essay I intend to examine the political philosophy of Thomas Hobbes and Rene Descartes, in particular their ideas relating to the science of man, and attempt to explain why their ideas prove that it is not possible to construct a science of man. I will also briefly mention the philosophy of Donald Davidson in regards to a science of man. The theories of Hobbes and the contemporary socio-biologists attempt to recognise how man works and on that basis build a society. Ã¢â¬Å"Hobbes wished to be seen as the inventor of the science of politicsÃ¢â¬ (Sorrell, p45) He went about this by looking at the psychology of man and discovering that man is a mechanism. Hobbes wanted to understand mechanics. He wanted to look at why men live the way that they do in society and therefore, breaks it down. By doing this he discovered that people are cogs in the social machine. Therefore he wants to examine this cogs to achieve an understanding of the social mechanism, and does this by looking at the psychology of the mind. Hobbes is both an empirist and a materialist. Empirists believe that sense gives all knowledge. Generally, they do not believe in astrology, god, electrons etc. Their philosophy is summed up by saying that all things that give true knowledge can be sensed. Materialists believe that all things in existence are physical matter. In other words, the soul and the spirit do not exist. Therefore Hobbes believes that thoughts are material, that they are caused by sense and vice versa. Tom Sorrell suggests in his essay, entitled Ã¢â¬Å"HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ scheme of the sciencesÃ¢â¬ , that rather than have knowledge of how the mechanics of the mindÃ¢â¬â¢s passions work, a more successful way of gaining political knowledge is to understand what these passions cause. They cause various degrees of action, with the possessor going to various extents to achieve what they want. In chapter six of Ã¢â¬Å"De CorpereÃ¢â¬ , Hobbes makes a connection between the knowledge of the principles of politics and the knowledge of the motions of the average human mind. HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ account of political science is an idea of what man must do if his goal is self-preservation. These ideas are not what mankind will do but what it will have to do, in a rational way, to form a political civilisation. One would assume that as Hobbes identifies both a natural science (that of the work of nature), and a civil science Ã¢â¬â that of the common wealth Ã¢â¬â (which makes laws and wills), he would suggest that they are parallels which, in political philosophy, work together. However, there are a few problems with HobbesÃ¢â¬â¢ theory. Hobbes suggests that a monarch makes a better sovereign than an assembly. Yet, surely he would not agree that a monarch who is not dedicated would be better suited than a group of thoughtful representatives. A politically secure society is built up from its people. Hobbes believes that these people all have one motivation; self-gain, or to be more precise self-preservation. Hobbes suggests that there is a link between voluntary motion and vital motion. He goes on to say that senses work together with the vital motions to produce that which is voluntary, i.e. an endeavour. These endeavours can be categorised in two ways; attractions and aversions. An example of an attraction is to pick up a piece of cake because it looks good. That of an aversion is to run away from a dog because you are scared of dogs. As it is possible to see these actions are derived from the senses, again agreeing with Hobbes empirist theory. Endeavours are the small motions within man which occur before he walks, talks, runs or carries out any other voluntary motion. These endeavours are so small that they are undetectable. By understanding why men act the way that they do, it is easier to come to a conclusion as to how society should be structured. However, the idea that the existence of a science of man can be questioned suggests that society can be constructed without it. This is due to the fact that many psychological and political theories are founded on the basis that there is a science of man. Without this Ã¢â¬Å"science of manÃ¢â¬ these theories are in turn questioned and therefore cannot be viably backed as reasons for the construction of the community. Another prolific philosopher whose arguments should be taken into account is Rene Descartes. Descartes thinks that we, as humans, are made up of two separate substances. The body is the physical stuff and the mind Ã¢â¬â the res cogitans (thinking thing) Ã¢â¬â purely mental stuff. The res cogitans can will your body to move. The difficulty with DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ theory is that the mind and body interact; if you pour boiling water on you hand, you will feel pain. Again we have to take into account voluntary and vital motions. A voluntary motion is me moving my arm. A vital motion is my arm moving. I move my arm because I want to; but I may not necessarily want it to be moved. This can happen for a number of reasons. It may be possible that I have a muscle spasm in my arm or that somebody moves it. All of this suggests that for DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ theory to be correct there must be some kind of connection between a material substance (the body) and an immaterial substance (the mind). However, we will find it impossible to understand the idea of a science of man if we cannot understand how the two substances interact. Therefore, again, we have no proof that it is possible to build a political philosophy on the basis of a science of man. On p213 of Davidson , we find an explanation of monisms and dualisms. Ã¢â¬Å"Theories are thus divided into four sorts: nomological monism, which affirms that there are correlating laws and that the events correlated are one (materialists belong in this category); nomological dualism, which compromises various forms of parallelism, interactionism and epiphenominalism; anomalous dualism which combines ontological dualism with the general failure of laws correlating the mental and the physical (cartesianism). And finally there is anomalous monism which shows an ontological bias only in that it allows the possibility that not all events are mental, while insisting that all events are physical. Ã¢â¬Å"The final position is that which Davidson himself follows. DavidsonÃ¢â¬â¢s argument suggests that the psychology of man does not follow any causal laws. Therefore, it is impossible to impose any rationality on theories involving the mind. These anomological psychological states are defeasable. They are defeasable because it is possible that by adding another condition to the situation the expected behaviour changes. Therefore it is impossible to agree with any political philosophy that involves the necessity of a science of man. What is easily discovered is that there are many different political philosophies and many different concepts as to what is a science of man. Philosophers such as Hobbes and his counterparts, Mill and Marx, possess the shared assumption that political philosophers must accept the political opinion that they are arguing for. They all think that rational agents must accept their arguments yet they all have different arguments. They all believe that for a successful political structure human nature cannot be ignored, if the structure is to command respect. As I have shown, Descartes and Davidson on the other hand, believe that a science of man is impossible; Descartes because he believes that our minds are immaterial and Davidson because manÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour follows no causal laws. All of this shows us that trying to interpret manÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and apply them to a science is an impossible conquest. Man is too complicated a mechanism to understand and therefore political philosophy, for a sensible and rational social structure, must be founded on another basis.
Friday, November 8, 2019
USS Boxer (Cv-21) During Korean War Conceived in the 1920s and early 1930s, the US NavysÃ Lexington- andÃ Yorktown-class aircraft carriers were built to fit within the restrictions set forth by theÃ Washington Naval Treaty. This placed limitations on the tonnage of different types of warships as well as capped each signatoryÃ¢â¬â¢s overall tonnage. These types of restrictions were continued through the 1930 London Naval Treaty. As global tensions rose, Japan and Italy left the agreement in 1936. With the end of the treaty system, the US Navy began developing a design for a new, larger class of aircraft carrier and one which utilized the lessons learned from theÃ Yorktown-class. The resulting type was wider and longer as well as incorporated a deck-edge elevator system. This had been employed earlier onÃ USSÃ Wasp Ã (CV-7). In addition to carrying a larger air group, the new class mounted a greatly enlarged anti-aircraft armament. The lead ship,Ã USSÃ EssexÃ (CV-9), was laid down on April 28, 1941 . With the US entry intoÃ World War IIÃ after theÃ attack on Pearl Harbor, theÃ Essex-class became the US Navys standard design for fleet carriers. The first four ships afterÃ EssexÃ followed the types initial design. In early 1943, the US Navy made changes to enhance future vessels. The most noticeable of these was the lengthening the bow to a clipper design which allowed for the addition of two quadruple 40 mm mounts. Other changes included moving the combat information center below the armored deck, installation of improved aviation fuel and ventilation systems, a second catapult on the flight deck, and an additional fire control director. Though known as the long-hullÃ Essex-class orÃ Ticonderoga-class by some, the US Navy made no distinction between these and the earlierÃ Essex-class ships. USS Boxer (CV-21) Construction The first ship to move forward with the revisedÃ Essex-class design was USSÃ HancockÃ (CV-14) which was later renamed Ticonderoga. Ã It was followed by several others including USS BoxerÃ (CV-21). Ã Laid down on September 13, 1943,Ã construction of BoxerÃ began at Newport News Shipbuilding and rapidly moved forward. Ã Named for HMS BoxerÃ which had been captured by the US Navy during the War of 1812, the new carrier slid into the water onÃ December 14, 1944, with Ruth D. Overton, daughter of Senator John H. Overton, serving as sponsor. Ã Work continued andÃ BoxerÃ entered commission on April 16, 1945, with Captain D.F. Smith in command. Early Service Departing Norfolk,Ã BoxerÃ commenced shakedown and training operations in preparation for use in the Pacific Theater of World War II. Ã As these initiatives were concluding, the conflict ended with Japan asking for a cessation of hostilities. Ã Dispatched to the Pacific in August 1945, BoxerÃ arrived at San Diego before departing for Guam the following month. Ã Reaching that island, it became flagship of Task Force 77. Ã Supporting the occupation of Japan,Ã the carrier remained abroad until August 1946 and also made calls in Okinawa, China, and the Philippines. Ã Returning to San Francisco,Ã BoxerÃ embarked Carrier Air Group 19 which flew the new Grumman F8F Bearcat. Ã As one of the US Navys newest carriers, BoxerÃ remained in commission as the service downsized from its wartime levels. After conducting peacetime activities off California in 1947, the following year sawÃ BoxerÃ employed in jet aircraft testing. Ã In this role, it launched the first jet fighter, a North American FJ-1 Fury, to fly from an American carrier on March 10. Ã After spending two years employed in maneuvers and training jet pilots,Ã BoxerÃ departed for the Far East in January 1950. Ã Making goodwill visits around the region as part of the 7th Fleet, the carrier also entertained South Korean President Syngman Rhee. Ã Due for a maintenance overhaul,Ã BoxerÃ returned to San Diego on June 25 just as the Korean War was beginning. USS Boxer (CV-21) - Korean War:Ã Due to the urgency of the situation,Ã Boxers overhaul was postponed and the carrier was quickly employed to ferry aircraft to the war zone. Ã Embarking 145 North American P-51 Mustangs and other aircraft and supplies, the carrier departed Alameda, CA on July 14 and set a trans-Pacific speed record by reaching Japan in eight days, seven hours. Ã Another record was set in early August whenÃ BoxerÃ made a second ferry trip. Ã Returning to California, the carrier received cursory maintenance before embarking the Chance-Vought F4U Corsairs of Carrier Air Group 2. Ã Sailing for Korea in a combat role,Ã BoxerÃ arrived and received orders to join the fleet gathering to support the landings at Inchon.Ã Operating off Inchon in September,Ã Boxers aircraft provided close support to the troops ashore as they drove inland and re-captured Seoul. Ã While performing this mission, the carrier was stricken when one of its reduction gears failed. Ã Caused due to postponed maintenance on the vessel, it limited the carriers speed to 26 knots. Ã On November 11,Ã BoxerÃ received orders to sail for the United States to make repairs. Ã These were conducted at San Diego and the carrier was able to resume combat operations after embarking Carrier Air Group 101. Ã Operating from Point Oboe, approximately 125 miles east of Wonsan,Ã Boxers aircraft struck targets along the 38th Parallel between March and October 1951. Ã Refitting in the fall of 1951, BoxerÃ again sailed for Korea the following February with the Grumman F9F Panthers of Carrier Air Group 2 aboard. Ã Serving in Task Force 77, the carriers planes conducted strategic strikes across North Korea. Ã During this deployment, tragedy struck the ship on August 5 when an aircrafts fuel tank caught fire. Ã Quickly spreading through the hanger deck, it took over four hours to contain and killed eight. Ã Repaired at Yokosuka,Ã BoxerÃ re-entered combat operations later that month. Ã Shortly after returning, the carrier tested a new weapons system which used radio-controlled Grumman F6F Hellcats as flying bombs. Ã Re-designated as an attack aircraft carrier (CVA-21) in October 1952,Ã BoxerÃ underwent an extensive overhaul that winter before making a final Korean deployment between March and November 1953. USS Boxer (CV-21) - A Transition: Following the end of the conflict,Ã BoxerÃ made a series of cruises in the Pacific between 1954 and 1956. Ã Re-designated an anti-submarine carrier (CVS-21) in early 1956, it made a final Pacific deployment late that year and into 1957. Ã Returning home,Ã BoxerÃ was selected to take part in a US Navy experiment which sought to have a carrier solely employ attack helicopters. Ã Moved to the Atlantic in 1958,Ã BoxerÃ operated with an experimental force intended to support the rapid deployment of US Marines. Ã This saw it again re-designated on January 30, 1959, this time as a landing platform helicopter (LPH-4). Ã Largely operating in the Caribbean, BoxerÃ supported American efforts during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 as well as used its new capabilities to aid efforts in Haiti and the Dominican Republic later in the decade. With the US entry into the Vietnam WarÃ in 1965, BoxerÃ reprised its ferry role by carrying 200 helicopters belonging the US Armys 1st Cavalry Division to South Vietnam. Ã A second trip was made the following year. Ã Returning to the Atlantic, Boxer assisted NASA in early 1966 when it recovered an unmanned Apollo test capsule (AS-201) in February and served as the primary recovery ship for Gemini 8 in March. Ã Over the next three years, BoxerÃ continued in its amphibious support role until being decommissioned on December 1, 1969. Ã Removed from the Naval Vessel Register, it was sold for scrap on March 13, 1971.Ã Ã Ã Ã USS BoxerÃ (CV-21) At a Glance Nation:Ã United StatesType:Ã Aircraft CarrierShipyard:Ã Newport New ShipbuildingLaid Down:Ã September 13, 1943Launched:Ã December 4, 1944Commissioned:Ã April 16, 1945Fate:Ã Sold for scrap, February 1971 USS Boxer (CV-21) - Specifications Displacement:Ã 27,100 tonsLength:Ã 888 ft.Beam:Ã 93 ft.Draft:Ã 28 ft., 7 in.Propulsion:Ã 8 Ãâ" boilers, 4 Ãâ" Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 4 Ãâ" shaftsSpeed:Ã 33 knotsComplement:Ã 3,448 men USS Boxer (CV-21) - Armament 4 Ãâ" twin 5 inch 38 caliber guns4 Ãâ" single 5 inch 38 caliber guns8 Ãâ" quadruple 40 mm 56 caliber guns46 Ãâ" single 20 mm 78 caliber guns Aircraft 90-100 aircraft Selected Sources DANFS: USSÃ BoxerÃ (CV-21)NavSource: USSÃ BoxerÃ (CV-21)USSÃ BoxerÃ (CV-21) Veterans Association
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Gender Disparities Within Indian Families Free Online Research Papers Family is the only place where the children learn to grow up, socialize themselves to quickly adopt the culture, mores, values, and customs and family is perhaps, the unprotected place where gendered socialization takes place. In spite of modernity, in the 21st century, gendered socialization is still prevalent in the rural India and the family members do not cease to bridge the disparity among boys and girls. The growing India lags behind because of the disparities which half the population faces, face to face. Gender seems to be omnipresent, spreading roots day in and day out almost in every corner of the country. However, it is most practiced in rural areas. According to a sociologist, for many people, the family provides a vital source of solace and comfort, love and companionship. Yet, it can also be a locus for exploitation, loneliness and profound inequality. The main function of a family is to engage in the process of socialization, where the young members of the family, especially, little children, learn the basic tenets of the culture in which they are born. Besides this, it also helps in personality stabilization and helps to tie up the relations among the members of t he family. The family, therefore, performs as many tasks to unite the members of the family and inculcates the young members to behave or confront to the basic norms of that particular society. But, it is a matter of disgrace that just like the workplace or for that matter anywhere outside the homes; family too takes part in the formation of gendered socialization. A study shows that children in almost all families in India face discrimination. In rural families members are of a view that a girl child should behave more accurately than a boy child. A boy is expected to shout and scream for small matters, it is not an attribute of a girl child to raise her eyebrows in cheap matters; she ought to endure without being impatient. Why is this that while the boys study in their capacious reading rooms, the tired girl desperately desires to have a nap but is disallowed, albeit indirectly, to have it and is expected to carry on with the ladies job within the four corners of the dark and congested kitchen, possibly for hours. My personal meet with a family in Bamangama, a village in Bihar, perhaps occupies an important stand in the discussions. When asked the mother of the girl whether her daughter goes to school or not; she claimed that girls are to stay and help their mothers in homes, not to roam around the villages with a B.Com/ LL.B Degree against their names. No one denies educating their daughters but Madhyamik Pariksha is the limit, an H.S. (+10) to the maximum. Pockets of girls bulging with Degrees look ugly and both are incompatible. They are to learn how to cleanse the infected utensils, how to make appreciable dinner, how to wipe clothes, so that it helps her in future when she goes to her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s home. When I went to have a short discussion with the only boy child of that particular family, I was stopped doing so, and for a good reason. The mother quietly whispered that his exams are going on and that we do not like the disturbance of anyone when he is reading. Le him read, said the mother lacking required hesitation. This was an empirical study conducted by me to look behind the social structures where the view that Ã¢â¬Ëright to equalityÃ¢â¬â¢ is dominant in India, is viewed with closed eyes. The conception that boys are or should be treated as boys is based on untrue generalizations. Today, girls are equally better and they have in fact proved that time to time, in varied fields (Sunita Williams, Kalpana chawla, Kiran Bedi, Sania Mirza etc. to cite a few Indian elite damsels). They are destitute of opportunities. Provide them. A girl is not limited to homes, the sky is their playground, stars their friends. But there always lied a demarcation between the types of things which boys could do and girls could, but were not to. In India particularly we find that during socialization girls are socialized in such a manner as to make them a girl. They are transformed to a girl from a human being. The saying corroborates this fact; Woman is not born, but made. They are to care for the elders of the family. Girls should not hang out with their friends late at night unlike boys, who are usually independent when comes to paint the town red in the absence of sun. Robin Lakoff has sug gested that in the course of socialization, girls are taught to speak in feminine ways, as opposed to talking roughly like boys. As children, girls are encouraged to be little ladies, who do not scream as vociferously as boys, and they are chastised more severely for throwing tantrums or showing temper. High spirits are expected and therefore tolerated from boys, whereas docility and resignation are the corresponding traits expected by little girls. People tend to excuse a show of temper from a boy where they would not excuse an identical tirade from a girl. Girls are allowed to fuss and complain, but only boys can bellow in a rage, says Robin. Limitations to opportunity for girls are as innumerable as the shining stars in the sky, the more you delve into, the more you confuse yourself. The most commonly accepted balk for girls to spread their wings is technology. In feminist analysis technologies are often described as Ã¢â¬Ëtoys for the boysÃ¢â¬â¢. Marriage fits in as the second reason for Ã¢â¬Ëglass ceilingÃ¢â¬â¢ i.e. limitations for woman in the sphere of work. Women migrate with their husbands because of the changing nature of their jobs. Women prefer migrating with their husband to working in their hometowns, as usual. Thus, women stays at home, as a doting mother, and if educated (instance is extremely subtle) kills their education within themselves at the cost of their children and migratory husbands. Research Papers on Gender Disparities Within Indian FamiliesThe Relationship Between Delinquency and Drug UsePersonal Experience with Teen PregnancyInfluences of Socio-Economic Status of Married MalesEffects of Television Violence on Children19 Century Society: A Deeply Divided EraPETSTEL analysis of IndiaThe Hockey GameMarketing of Lifeboy Soap A Unilever ProductThe Spring and AutumnComparison: Letter from Birmingham and Crito
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Discuss historical facts and incidents that have changed the world over the past five years - Research Paper Example In history, ever since 1970, only in 2013 that we experienced peak global terrorist activity in the world (Primakov, 2014, N.p). The press, politicians, and the public self-motive have promulgated and propagated civil wars, genocides, mass tortures, ethnic and race clashes, and holocausts. All this coldhearted acts of this century are insinuated by the headline-making political events, which have transformed not only the economy but also the society and the political entity we live in. For that reason, I am not embarrassed at averring that private interests purported by the press, politicians, and the public has gathered more courage to influence the policymaking process and our live in general. Consequently, the press and public have become less responsive due to large sums of cash used by the politician to influencing our political system. In relation to that, we can say that same people from the public and the press are eyeing for a fair shot to improve their lives and move skywar d. Therefore, we shall candidly try to use some historical facts and incidents that have occurred over the past five year to explain how politics has influence all ways of life thus resulting to changes social, political, and economic arena. It is so an unfortunate to note that politics is about life and governments make decisions that influence our day-to-day life. Therefore, lack of strong political system and political legitimacy are more influential in explaining the rise of the terrorist organization such as such as ISIL (Deash), Boko Haram, and Al Shabaab. You can agree with me that if the government of the day failed effusively to address the end of gross physical right abuse, group grievances and nosedive to improve the access to justice and the rule of law. There is a high possibility for the rise of potential and unexpected acts of mass violence
Friday, November 1, 2019
Exchange Rate Risk in Mexico - Research Paper Example "This apparent conflict between theory and empirical evidence poses a problem in determining the optimal role of exchange rates in the formation of appropriate economic policies. The proposition that flexible exchange rates lead to balance of payment equilibrium position primarily rests on the purchasing power parity theory." (Effects of Exchange Rate) Mexico is one of the most important members when it comes to trading with the US and it is also one of the fastest developing economy. The Gross Domestic Product of the Mexican Economy was $574.5 billion in the year 2001 and the net value of the exports was approximately $178 billion. Mexico is one of the most important trading partners of the US and hence it is very important economically to the US. There has been many instances of Mexican-American dialogues recently and majority of these dialogues have been regarding strengthening the economic relationship between the two countries. "Mexico's main exports are manufactured goods. These tend to be normal goods. An increase in demand will result in an increase in their consumption. Similar arguments are also applicable for the relation between Mexican Import and Mexican real GDP.